Medications That Are Poisonous To Dogs

OVER-THE-COUNTER PAIN MEDICATIONS THAT ARE POISONOUS TO DOGS:

  • IBUPROFEN (ADVIL, MOTRIN) AND NAPROXEN (ALEVE)- are toxic at very low doses. Dogs are not able to eliminate and detoxify these medications. These drugs can cause kidney damage, liver damage and stomach ulcers.

  • ACETAMINOPHEN (TYLENOL)-is toxic at larger doses (as little as 2 pills in a medium sized dog can causeorgan damage) and doesn’t work particularly well in dogs. This drug can cause kidney and liver damage, plus damage to red blood cells. Related symptoms are salivation, weakness, abdominal pain and vomiting.

  • BUFFERED ASPIRIN – is prescribed for dogs who have arthritis. Do not give this medicine to dogs that are taking other anti-inflammatory drugs such as Rimadyl, EtoGesic, Deramaxx). Aspirin use can cause stomach ulcers in dogs.

PRESCRIPTION MEDICATIONS THAT ARE POISONOUS TO DOGS:

  • ANTIDEPRESSANT MEDICATIONS (LEXAPRO, PROZAC, EFFEXOR, CYMBALTA)- These can lead to neurological disorders such as seizure, body tremors, coordination problems and being sedated. They can also act to elevate blood pressure and the heart, causing dangerous elevated levels.

  • ANXIETY AND SLEEPING MEDICATIONS (LUNESTA, AMBIEN, KONOPIN, & XANAX) – Medications like these reduce levels of anxiety and induce sleep. In dogs they can act as a stimulant causing agitation. Other symptoms are slower breathing, lack of coordination, and lethargic behavior.

  • HEART MEDICATIONS (COREG, TOPROL, TENORMIN)- Any beta-blocker will cause heart abnormalities and act as a dog poison. Larger doses can be life threatening such it reduces the heart rate and blood pressure.

  • BIRTH CONTROL PILLS-  The medications progesterone, estrogen and estradiol come in packaging which is attractive to dogs. In small doses these medications should not cause dog poisoning issues. If taken in larger doses, medications that contain estradiol and estrogen can result in issues such as estrogen poisoning, particularly in female dogs that have not been spayed.

  • THYROID MEDICATIONS- The thyroid medications that act hormone replacements such as SYNTHROID & ARMOUR desiccated thyroid do not usually cause issues since human doses for these types of medications are below levels prescribed to dogs. That said, overly large doses can be problematic. Symptoms of dog poisoning include:
    -aggressive behavior
    -rapid heart rate
    -panting
    -nervous behavior
    -body tremors

MORE POISONOUS MEDICATIONS-

Psuedophedrine (SUDAFED)

Flourouracil (EFUDEX)

Calcipotriene (DOVONEX)

Prescription Skin Creams

ISONIAZID (tuberculosis medication)

My Dog Was Hit By A Car! What Should I Do?? Plus- Pet First Aid Kits

What to do if Your Pet is Hit By a Car, and What to Put in a Pet First Aid Kit.
by Dr. Andrew Jones, DVM

 

As a pet owner, one of my worst fears is having my dog or cat hit by a car. In the Vet world, we call this HBC.

SIGNS

You may see it, and then it’s obvious. Often though, cats and dogs are HBC’s (Hit By Cars) and the only external signs are a few scrapes. They may be limping, or have difficulty breathing.

 

SOLUTIONS

         1.    CALL YOUR VET ASAP

         2.    ASSESS BREATHING.

Lung injuries are often seen from car accidents. Does your pet                             appear to be breathing normally or is she labored? (Breathing                             with her  mouth open) A common injury is pneumothorax, in                               which a part of the lung collapses causing progressive                                               respiratory distress. “Mouth breathing” meaning- large, deep,                             chest or stomach movements in an attempt to get air into the                               lungs). In this case, you need IMMEDIATE  veterinary care

         3.    CHECK HEARTBEAT.

The easiest way is to place your ear against the chest behind                                  the left elbow. You can also feel for a pulse by placing your                                    fingers in the groin (inside the thigh of the back legs)

         4.    CPR

If your pet is non-responsive, then go through the CPR steps.

1. Assess responsiveness

2. Establish a patent airway

3. Perform rescue breathing

4. Cardiac massage – establishing circulation

 

You will have to exert a lot of force with large dogs, but don’t                                worry about breaking ribs for they will heal.

After every minute, stop and check for a pulse or breathing.

Continue heart massage compressions and the rescue                                               breathing until you hear a heartbeat and feel regular                                                 breathing. ONCE your pet is breathing and his heart is                                             beating, CALL your veterinarian immediately

           5.    GUM COLOR.

This is a great measure of blood pressure, to determine if                                       shock is present, and to evaluate for internal bleeding. The                                   gums should be a healthy pink color. If they are pale, then                                     your pet needs to be treated for shock and transported to a                                   vet ASAP

           6.    STOP BLEEDING.

If there are obvious areas of bleeding, then stop them NOW.                               Apply direct pressure with a clean cloth or gauze. Hold this in                               place for at least 5 minutes

           7.    COVER WOUNDS.

Covering open wounds will keep them clean and help prevent                               infection. Bandage material is preferable, but a towel will                                       work fine until you get to the vet

           8.    SUPPORT A FRACTURE.

If your pet is not using a leg, suspect a fracture. If the leg is                                    dangling, and bent at an unusual angle, then you should                                          attempt to immobilize it until you get veterinary care. Place a                              towel around the leg. Wrap the inside of the leg with material                                to partially splint the limb:  newspaper, magazine or even                                        bubble wrap. Cover this with tape to keep the newspaper next                              to the towel

           9.    MOVE WITH CARE.

Carefully transport your pet. A firm surface works best. If                                     possible, put your pet on a wooden board. This is best done                                   by first gently sliding him onto a sheet, then sliding the sheet                                 onto the board. If you don’t have any of this available, don’t                                 worry, the most important thing is rapid transport to your                                     vet. Lift your pet by cradling him (left arm around his chest                                   and right arm around his rear).

 

Every pet owner should have a Pet First Aid Kit.

Here are some basic items that all first aid kits should contain.

  • Rectal Thermometer – the newer electronic kind works best. The electronic ones beep when they are finished registering a temperature. They are slightly smaller than the glass kind. They do not break as easily. They can be covered with thin sleeves to halt the spread of germs. They can also be used as oral thermometers. They do have a battery which will need replacing and they are more expensive then the glass ones. [normal canine temperature – 100.5 to 102.5F]
  • Lubricating jelly– To lubricate thermometer
  • Gel packs- that can be used for hot and cold compresses
  • Adhesive tape– to secure bandages – both non-stick tape and water proof tape
  • Blunt tipped scissors- (a must for animal first aid – used for cutting hair away from wounds)
  • Bandage scissors
  • Splints
  • Alcohol swabs- to sterilize instruments or small areas of skin
  • Antibiotic ointment for wounds– (not for eyes) (ie. Polysporin, for non puncture type wounds)
  • Contact lens solution– for rinsing eyes, to clean wounds (water can be substituted)
  • Cotton swabs– i.e. Q-tips
  • Hibitane – a mild antibacterial soap for cleaning skin, wounds
  • Sterile cotton or cotton balls
  • Sterile Gauze Pads- (the larger 4″ size is better since it can easily be cut smaller if necessary)
  • Rolls of gauze– or cling gauze bandage(1-2″)
  • Hydrogen Peroxide – 10 ml every 15 minutes to induce vomiting in animals that have ingested a non-caustic poison
  • Razor Blade– can also be used to shave away hair and abrade the skin following a tick bite.
  • Stockinet– to protect bandage on leg or foot
  • Rubber bulb ear syringe – used for flushing eyes, ears, wounds
  • Forceps and/or tweezers
  • Self-adhesive bandage–  i.e. VetWrap
  • Numbers for the Animal Poison Hotline & Poison Control for Pets– 800-548-2423 or 900-680-0000 (both numbers charge a fee). The National Poison Control Hotlines for humans should also be included. (No fee to call the human poison help line!)

/////////////////////////////

In and of itself, healing your pet at home is easy.

Diagnosing the problem with your pet – as you become comfortable with the exam, then you get to know which area of your pet’s body is affected when they are sick.

The treatment: Every natural treatment option is in my book.

These things are simple.

These are the things I teach.

Why don’t you get Veterinary Secrets Revealed today and find out more about how it all works.

You can grab your copy by going to: http://www.veterinarysecretsrevealed.com

 

Remember that no one product is going to do everything for you and your pet. You’ll want to learn all the information you can — from e-books and courses.

Learning is a great investment.

Don’t read one book and expect to become an expert. It’s a process and a learning curve.

Keep learning.

Keep trying.

May our paths cross often.

It’s Your Pet- Heal Them At Home!

Best Wishes

Dr Andrew Jones
http://www.veterinarysecretsrevealed.com

 

Related articles across the web

 

Garbage Gut! Vomiting and Diarrhea in Dogs

Sick Dog Help-Home remedies, info, and tips for treating a sick dog at home for vomiting and diarrhea.

What to Do

  • Remove all food! It is recommended to fasting your pet for 24 hours if they have been vomiting or have diarrhea.
  • Check for signs of dehydration. It’s EXTREMELY important to make sure your pet continues to drink fluids! (water, Gatorade, or Pedialyte) A rule of thumb is to give fluids at 1 teaspoon per pound of body weight every 2 or 3 hours throughout the day and night.  If your pet does not vomit the fluid, the following day you can offer a bland diet of boiled chicken and plain rice (See below) If at any point they are refusing water continuously, you need to get them seen by a veterinarian!!
  • You can give PeptoBismol in the dosage of 1 teaspoon per 10lbs of body weight every 8 hours as needed to help with vomiting and/or diarrhea. For example if your pet weights 45lbs, you can give 4.5 teaspoons of regular over the counter Pepto. Note: You may notice your dogs stools are very dark (almost black) after giving Pepto Bismol. This isn’t uncommon or anything to worry about.
  • If the diarrhea and/or vomiting continues for more than 24 hours then it’s time to take them in to see the vet.
  • If no vomiting occurs for 24 hours, begin to offer small frequent meals of plain white or brown rice or plain, boiled chicken and rice. This is a very bland diet and is easier to tolerate if they’ve had an upset stomach. If your dog keeps this down over the next 6-8 hours, it should be fine to reintroduce their normal diet again.  If your pet does not want to eat, starts to vomit, or continues to have diarrhea, go to the veterinarian for medical care.
  • Isolate the sick pet from other pets.

What NOT to Do

  • Do not administer any over-the-counter or prescription medications to your pet without talking to a veterinarian first.
  • Do not allow the pet to eat until there has been no vomiting for 6 to 8 hours.

Vomiting and diarrhea are associated with a host of problems that are referred to collectively as gastroenteritis. Some cases are quite severe (e.g., poisoning), and some are not (e.g., dietary indiscretion). If fever is present, infection may be a cause. Most infections that cause diarrhea and vomiting are contagious, so it is wise to assume that other pets might be vulnerable if they are exposed.

 

Severe vomiting:   If your pet vomits repeatedly or forcefully, the vomiting is accompanied by diarrhea, or if the vomit has blood in it, looks and smells like feces, or contains what looks like coffee grounds (actually partially digested blood), it’s an emergency!                 

                                                                                                                    More info from VIN Library www.veterinarypartner.com