What to do if Your Pet is Hit By a Car, and What to Put in a Pet First Aid Kit.
by Dr. Andrew Jones, DVM
As a pet owner, one of my worst fears is having my dog or cat hit by a car. In the Vet world, we call this HBC.
You may see it, and then it’s obvious. Often though, cats and dogs are HBC’s (Hit By Cars) and the only external signs are a few scrapes. They may be limping, or have difficulty breathing.
1. CALL YOUR VET ASAP
2. ASSESS BREATHING.
Lung injuries are often seen from car accidents. Does your pet appear to be breathing normally or is she labored? (Breathing with her mouth open) A common injury is pneumothorax, in which a part of the lung collapses causing progressive respiratory distress. “Mouth breathing” meaning- large, deep, chest or stomach movements in an attempt to get air into the lungs). In this case, you need IMMEDIATE veterinary care
3. CHECK HEARTBEAT.
The easiest way is to place your ear against the chest behind the left elbow. You can also feel for a pulse by placing your fingers in the groin (inside the thigh of the back legs)
If your pet is non-responsive, then go through the CPR steps.
1. Assess responsiveness
2. Establish a patent airway
3. Perform rescue breathing
4. Cardiac massage – establishing circulation
You will have to exert a lot of force with large dogs, but don’t worry about breaking ribs for they will heal.
After every minute, stop and check for a pulse or breathing.
Continue heart massage compressions and the rescue breathing until you hear a heartbeat and feel regular breathing. ONCE your pet is breathing and his heart is beating, CALL your veterinarian immediately
5. GUM COLOR.
This is a great measure of blood pressure, to determine if shock is present, and to evaluate for internal bleeding. The gums should be a healthy pink color. If they are pale, then your pet needs to be treated for shock and transported to a vet ASAP
6. STOP BLEEDING.
If there are obvious areas of bleeding, then stop them NOW. Apply direct pressure with a clean cloth or gauze. Hold this in place for at least 5 minutes
7. COVER WOUNDS.
Covering open wounds will keep them clean and help prevent infection. Bandage material is preferable, but a towel will work fine until you get to the vet
8. SUPPORT A FRACTURE.
If your pet is not using a leg, suspect a fracture. If the leg is dangling, and bent at an unusual angle, then you should attempt to immobilize it until you get veterinary care. Place a towel around the leg. Wrap the inside of the leg with material to partially splint the limb: newspaper, magazine or even bubble wrap. Cover this with tape to keep the newspaper next to the towel
9. MOVE WITH CARE.
Carefully transport your pet. A firm surface works best. If possible, put your pet on a wooden board. This is best done by first gently sliding him onto a sheet, then sliding the sheet onto the board. If you don’t have any of this available, don’t worry, the most important thing is rapid transport to your vet. Lift your pet by cradling him (left arm around his chest and right arm around his rear).
Every pet owner should have a Pet First Aid Kit.
Here are some basic items that all first aid kits should contain.
- Rectal Thermometer – the newer electronic kind works best. The electronic ones beep when they are finished registering a temperature. They are slightly smaller than the glass kind. They do not break as easily. They can be covered with thin sleeves to halt the spread of germs. They can also be used as oral thermometers. They do have a battery which will need replacing and they are more expensive then the glass ones. [normal canine temperature – 100.5 to 102.5F]
- Lubricating jelly– To lubricate thermometer
- Gel packs- that can be used for hot and cold compresses
- Adhesive tape– to secure bandages – both non-stick tape and water proof tape
- Blunt tipped scissors- (a must for animal first aid – used for cutting hair away from wounds)
- Bandage scissors
- Alcohol swabs- to sterilize instruments or small areas of skin
- Antibiotic ointment for wounds– (not for eyes) (ie. Polysporin, for non puncture type wounds)
- Contact lens solution– for rinsing eyes, to clean wounds (water can be substituted)
- Cotton swabs– i.e. Q-tips
- Hibitane – a mild antibacterial soap for cleaning skin, wounds
- Sterile cotton or cotton balls
- Sterile Gauze Pads- (the larger 4″ size is better since it can easily be cut smaller if necessary)
- Rolls of gauze– or cling gauze bandage(1-2″)
- Hydrogen Peroxide – 10 ml every 15 minutes to induce vomiting in animals that have ingested a non-caustic poison
- Razor Blade– can also be used to shave away hair and abrade the skin following a tick bite.
- Stockinet– to protect bandage on leg or foot
- Rubber bulb ear syringe – used for flushing eyes, ears, wounds
- Forceps and/or tweezers
- Self-adhesive bandage– i.e. VetWrap
- Numbers for the Animal Poison Hotline & Poison Control for Pets– 800-548-2423 or 900-680-0000 (both numbers charge a fee). The National Poison Control Hotlines for humans should also be included. (No fee to call the human poison help line!)
In and of itself, healing your pet at home is easy.
Diagnosing the problem with your pet – as you become comfortable with the exam, then you get to know which area of your pet’s body is affected when they are sick.
The treatment: Every natural treatment option is in my book.
These things are simple.
These are the things I teach.
Why don’t you get Veterinary Secrets Revealed today and find out more about how it all works.
You can grab your copy by going to: http://www.veterinarysecretsrevealed.com
Remember that no one product is going to do everything for you and your pet. You’ll want to learn all the information you can — from e-books and courses.
Learning is a great investment.
Don’t read one book and expect to become an expert. It’s a process and a learning curve.
May our paths cross often.
It’s Your Pet- Heal Them At Home!
Dr Andrew Jones
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Veterinary Care is expensive. I see how expensive it is on a daily basis working as a Vet Tech. Veterinary Medicine has changed dramatically in the last 30 years… gone are the days of James Harriot when Veterinarians treated every type of animal, and regularly made house calls.
This is the 21st Century, where a dog may be man’s best friend, but that pet has a price tag. Vet visits and surgery cost dog owners almost $800 and cat owners $500 last year, according to the American Pet Products Manufacturers Association.
If your pet becomes seriously ill, you can easily spend thousands. For example, each year about 400 pets, mostly dogs, undergo pacemaker surgery costing $3,000. Cats with renal failure, a common ailment, can now get an $8,000 to $10,000 kidney transplant, followed by $600-a-year regimens of immunosuppressive drugs. We can do wonderful advanced life saving procedures…but folks, it ain’t cheap.
The costs of operating a veterinary practice are huge.
Veterinary Salaries have risen, and newer Veterinarians are demanding higher starting salaries before they even walk in the door. A new graduate will start at 60,000 dollars a year. Higher end corporate practices will pay even more. Those practice owners earn in excess of 100,000 dollars a year.
Veterinary Clinics have extremely high overhead costs. You need a lot of specialized equipment to perform exams, X-rays, Ultrasound and surgery… monitoring equipment, anesthetic equipment, kennels and cages, ventilation…the list is big.
You need a high number of staff to give quality patient care. Veterinary support staff members are now demanding higher salaries… gone are the days when you could pay a receptionist 8 dollars an hour.
No New Pets
Most of you reading this live in or near a city. In fact, that is where most Veterinary practices are located. The problem with that is that most cities have MORE veterinarians than they NEED.
The Pet Population is increasing, but it’s not keeping pace with the number of Veterinary practices.
This means that for a Veterinary practice to grow, it cannot rely on just increasing the number of patients, because there are not enough patients to go around for all the existing practices.
So what’s a Practice owner to do?
Increase fees to keep pace with increasing costs, you’ve most likely experienced that. Also, many vets try to be more thorough with existing clients, and recommend more procedures.
While many procedures may be necessary, if you are unsure, question your vet as to the necessity of a procedure – is it absolutely necessary?
1. Price Shop
Prices at animal hospitals can vary widely. In my small town of Nelson, I charge the least of all the practices, but many clients do not know that. Make sure you get recommendations from other pet owners first.
There is a misconception that the higher priced practices give a better quality of care – but this is NOT True.
To ensure that you are saving money, plus getting quality care for your pet, you have to ask some specific questions.
- Does the practice have an animal health technician? They should.
- Does the practice have up-to-date anesthetic and monitoring equipment?
A must have.
- Does the practice have all pets monitored after anesthesia until they are fully awake?
This will give you an idea about staff level – you need adequate staff to give the quality patient care that your pet deserves.
However, having up to date equipment and well-trained staff still does not mean that you have to pay through the roof.
Ask about the common procedures, like vaccines, checkups, neutering and spaying.
Plan on going to at least three vets before you decide on one. Make a mental note of just how clean the environment is when you look around. In addition, do not forget to ask for discounts from your vet. If clients ASK, they will often get a discount. Some vets offer multiple pet discounts as well as discounts for seniors.
2. Question additional procedures.
When your pet is being examined by your vet, and they advise having a dental cleaning,
ASK and QUESTION WHY!
Just how bad are the teeth – is the degree of dental disease really that significant? One of the major veterinary associations is advising that ANY pet with Grade 1 Gingivitis (mild gum inflammation) have a dental scale and polish. This procedure is at least 300 dollars.
It has risks – your pet would need to be under general anesthetic.
It has high profit margins – the Animal Health Technician or Assistant usually does all the work.
However, a pet with mild gum disease does NOT need this done. You can begin preventive care at home. You could begin to brush your pet’s teeth. You could feed a diet designed to break off some of the plaque and tartar.
This is only one example – although it is the most common extra procedure performed Veterinary Medicine today.
Question any recommendation!
Ask if it is absolutely necessary.
Ask about alternate – less costly and sometimes safer – options.
3. Hospitalization Fees
Your Vet will make A LOT more money if he (or she) can keep your pet in the veterinary hospital.
They can charge a fee for the day of hospitalization, plus a fee for re-examining your pet in the morning.
Ask to have the Procedure performed while you are there.
Let’s use X-Rays as an example.
You and your Vet suspect an arthritic knee, but you want to confirm with X-Rays.
Get the practice to schedule this while you are there and waiting – it doesn’t take long to perform X-Rays. They will likely comply if you only ASK.
And, by being a little bit of a ‘pain in the butt’, you will get better service at a lower price.
Your pet will have to spend less time away from you, and you will save money.
Now, doesn’t that sound good to you?
4. Vaccines – NOT every year
This tip alone will save you money, and help your pet live longer:
Your pet does NOT need to be vaccinated yearly.
Vaccines have a longer duration of immunity than 1 year.
Have your puppy or kitten vaccinated – this is the time when they are most at risk. Get them boosters at 1 year.
After that, give them vaccines only every 3 years – and ONLY vaccinate for what they need in your area.
STOP all vaccines between the ages of 10-12 years.
In the area where I live, we are now only vaccinating for the diseases that we see. NOT for the white elephants – the diseases that have a 1 in a million chance of ever showing up.
ASK your Vet about their vaccine protocols. If they are not with the “vaccinating less often program”, consider switching Vets.
It will be healthier for your pet and your pocket book.
5. Be Preventative
Do not wait until your bundle of fur’s health gets very serious to visit your vet.
You should be performing weekly at home exams on your pet.
I still advise utilizing your veterinarian.
Getting an annual checkup is probably a good idea, especially if you have an older pet.
Have your Vet confirm a diagnosis, but then ASK about all the available options for solving your pet’s health problem.
You should have your pet spayed or neutered. Spayed females have a lower cancer risk and neutered males are not as aggressive and have fewer prostate problems. Costs for cats and dogs range from $80 to $300. You may be able to get the surgery for less if you check out your local Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, at www.aspca.org.
6. What is going in your Pet’s Mouth?
After surgical procedures, food was the second most expensive item for pet owners.
Individually, Americans spent about $250 a year on food for their pets.
That is almost a $15 billion industry.
I firmly believe that a BIG key to avoid the excess Veterinary expenses is by feeding your pet the BEST quality food you can.
Diet is one of the BIG KEYS to a healthy pet.
In days gone by, dogs and cats survived on prey that they hunted. Cats seldom drank water as most moisture came from the dead bird or mouse.
Dogs chewed on bones and in the process kept their teeth clean. Pets have moved from the wilderness to the living room. They now wait (or demand) that we humans feed them. They feast on ready to eat packaged foods, and in some cases, this may be harming your pet.
Some symptoms of less than natural diets include bad breath, itchy skin, dull dry coats, and intestinal gas. A common disease that can be attributed to diet is diabetes in cats.
Commercial pet food does not always provide all of the nutrients that some dogs and cats need to be healthy at different times in their lives.
This food also contains things that your pet does not need, such as chemical additives and preservatives.
An example of a preservative that is commonly found is propylene glycol. It is used to keep moist pet foods fresh. It has been linked to anemia and bloat.
One of the single most important things you can do for your pet’s health is to feed a more natural diet. I have seen natural diets improve allergies, arthritis, diabetes, chronic vomiting and diarrhea.
If you are to use a commercial food, here are some tips to check for quality:
1. Ingredients are listed in descending order. The first ingredient should be an animal-based protein.
2. The entire protein should be listed first. Avoid foods that list by-products. Avoid those that list the food fractions – i.e. wheat middlings or corn gluten instead of the whole grain. These ingredients are leftovers from the human food processing and do not provide the best nutrition.
3. Look for natural preservatives. These include Vitamin C (ascorbic acid), Vitamin E and mixed Tocopherols. Avoid Ethoxyquin, BHA, BHT and propylene glycol.
4. Avoid foods with artificial flavor enhancers, such as phosphoric acid.
5. Avoid artificial colors. These include azo, azo dyes, and sodium nitrite.
6. Essential fatty acids must be added – this is of utmost importance for allergies, arthritis and cancer prevention.
7. It should also contain additional antioxidants, such as Vitamin E, Vitamin C and flavanoids.
Some of the Commercial Pet Foods that I recommend are:
- All of Those from Natura Pet Products: Innova, California Natural, Karma, HealthWise
- Solid Gold
- Nutro Ultra Holistic Nutrition
- Flint River Ranch
- Azmira Holistic Animal Care LifeStyle
I am of the opinion that you should consider adding in Raw Food as a portion of your pet’s diet.
I also believe that the healthiest food is that which you make at home – i.e. homemade diets.
7. Pet Insurance – A Scam?
The entire insurance industry gives me the ‘heebie jeebies’- and Pet Insurance companies are NO different.
Decide first if you REALLY NEED Pet Insurance.
Unless you cannot resist a breed with chronic problems, pet insurance will probably cost you more money than it will save you. As with human health insurance, you’ll pay deductibles, co-pays, and premiums, and you may bump up against lifetime payment ceilings if you own a chronically ill pet. In addition, you might find some needed treatments are excluded from coverage.
Some policies also limit the amount they will pay per incident and may make you pay more as your pet ages.
For example, with PetCare’s QuickCare Gold policy for dogs, you could pay $36 monthly premiums for coverage for a 3-month-old bearded collie. If that pooch needs $3,000 pacemaker surgery next year, you’ll have to pay a $50 deductible, after which the plan pays 100 percent (up to a limit of $3,000) of your costs. In this case, this is not a bad deal, because you will have paid just more than $430 in premiums. However, if the surgery occurs after that dog turns 8 years old, the plan will only pay 80 percent of your costs and you’ll be out about $3,500 in premiums. If you want to set aside money for future medical bills, you might do better by putting the amount you would pay in premiums into a savings account.
Veterinarians like Pet Insurance in that the clients can actually afford to do what is recommended. But, if you and your pet end up at a “corporate” practice, BIG DOLLAR signs might start flashing as soon as they see your pet is insured.
All of a sudden they could be advising your pet has a host of diagnostic tests, which the insurance company may cover now – but you’ll likely see your premiums rise the next year.
8. DON’T Buy Your Medication From Your Vet
Medication is expensive – and it’s marked up a lot at your vet. The markups range from 50% to 125% PLUS the prescription Fee.
There are many ways to save money on pet medications. First, ask your vet about a drug’s cost and find out if it is available through pharmacies.
Your local drug store may offer it at a much cheaper price. Also, ask your vet about lower-priced generic medications that would be appropriate. In addition to your local pharmacy, check veterinary-medication prices at DrsFosterSmith.com, 1800PetMeds.com, and PetCareRx.com. You have the right to ask your veterinarian for prescriptions that you can fill elsewhere, as well as medical records for your pet, which can be a big help if you decide to consult another vet for a second opinion.
9. The Referral Expense
If your pet becomes seriously ill, you may need a specialist. Ask your vet to recommend at least two specialists so you can compare treatment quotes and options. Alternatively, contact the nearest veterinary medical school teaching hospital for a specialist or a referral to one in your area.
An initial consultation will likely cost $75 to $100. Get an estimate of all costs including surgery, treatments, and any lifelong medications that will be required. You’ll also want to know about the prognosis for survival and the pet’s expected quality of life.
Approach your specialist in much the same way you would approach your local veterinarian.
ASK a lot of Questions.
ASK why this Specific Diagnostic test is needed.
ASK so what would happen if you get “X” diagnosis. How does this test change the treatment?
Specialists have expensive practices to run, they pay themselves more, so they charge A LOT.
Make sure that you are as informed as possible about everything that is happening to your pet.
10. Become an Empowered Pet Owner
The BIGGEST Key to save money at any Veterinarian is by being an involved and empowered pet owner.
Take Charge of Your pet’s health care.
You know your pet better that anyone else. How well do you think a Veterinarian can get to know your pet with a 15 minute visit once a year?
All information provided on or through this site is provided for informational purposes only, is not a substitute for professional veterinary advice, care, diagnosis or treatment, and is not designed to promote or endorse any veterinary practice, program or agenda or any medical tests, products or procedures. This book does not contain information about all diseases, nor does this site contain all information that may be relevant to a particular medical or health condition. You should not use any of this information provided for diagnosing or treating a medical or health condition. If your pet has or suspect that your pet has a medical problem, you should contact your professional veterinary provider through appropriate means.
You agree that you will not under any circumstances disregard any professional medical advice or delay in seeking such advice in reliance on any information provided through this site. Reliance on any such information is solely at your own risk.
Information provided on or through this website regarding herbal treatments, home diets, dietary supplements, acupressure, human over the counter products, aromatherapy, homeopathy, and massage have not all been evaluated or approved for use in animals. You agree to consult your veterinarian before beginning any course of treatment.
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Sick Dog Help-Home remedies, info, and tips for treating a sick dog at home for vomiting and diarrhea.
What to Do
- Remove all food! It is recommended to fasting your pet for 24 hours if they have been vomiting or have diarrhea.
- Check for signs of dehydration. It’s EXTREMELY important to make sure your pet continues to drink fluids! (water, Gatorade, or Pedialyte) A rule of thumb is to give fluids at 1 teaspoon per pound of body weight every 2 or 3 hours throughout the day and night. If your pet does not vomit the fluid, the following day you can offer a bland diet of boiled chicken and plain rice (See below) If at any point they are refusing water continuously, you need to get them seen by a veterinarian!!
- You can give PeptoBismol in the dosage of 1 teaspoon per 10lbs of body weight every 8 hours as needed to help with vomiting and/or diarrhea. For example if your pet weights 45lbs, you can give 4.5 teaspoons of regular over the counter Pepto. Note: You may notice your dogs stools are very dark (almost black) after giving Pepto Bismol. This isn’t uncommon or anything to worry about.
- If the diarrhea and/or vomiting continues for more than 24 hours then it’s time to take them in to see the vet.
- If no vomiting occurs for 24 hours, begin to offer small frequent meals of plain white or brown rice or plain, boiled chicken and rice. This is a very bland diet and is easier to tolerate if they’ve had an upset stomach. If your dog keeps this down over the next 6-8 hours, it should be fine to reintroduce their normal diet again. If your pet does not want to eat, starts to vomit, or continues to have diarrhea, go to the veterinarian for medical care.
- Isolate the sick pet from other pets.
What NOT to Do
- Do not administer any over-the-counter or prescription medications to your pet without talking to a veterinarian first.
- Do not allow the pet to eat until there has been no vomiting for 6 to 8 hours.
Vomiting and diarrhea are associated with a host of problems that are referred to collectively as gastroenteritis. Some cases are quite severe (e.g., poisoning), and some are not (e.g., dietary indiscretion). If fever is present, infection may be a cause. Most infections that cause diarrhea and vomiting are contagious, so it is wise to assume that other pets might be vulnerable if they are exposed.
Severe vomiting: If your pet vomits repeatedly or forcefully, the vomiting is accompanied by diarrhea, or if the vomit has blood in it, looks and smells like feces, or contains what looks like coffee grounds (actually partially digested blood), it’s an emergency!
More info from VIN Library www.veterinarypartner.com